El orden contemporáneo mundial, Brics y principio R2P: el caso de Brasil y China (2005-2017)
Portada. Colombia Internacional 105
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Palabras clave

Brics
R2P
orden mundial
potencias emergentes
normas

Categorías

Cómo citar

Leal Rinaldi, Augusto, y Cristina Soreanu Pecequilo. 2021. «El Orden contemporáneo Mundial, Brics Y Principio R2P: El Caso De Brasil Y China (2005-2017)». Colombia Internacional 1 (105):3-28. https://doi.org/10.7440/colombiaint105.2021.01.

Resumen

Objetivo/contexto: uno de los principales pilares de la legitimidad de los órdenes mundiales es la existencia y el reconocimiento de normas e instituciones internacionales. En la literatura de relaciones internacionales, muchos estudios llaman atención sobre la importancia de las instituciones para abordar temas como la soberanía (inter) nacional, las crisis humanitarias y las intervenciones militares. Dado que la dinámica del poder global contemporáneo está cambiando debido al surgimiento de centros de poder, como los países del Bric, es relevante estudiar si y en qué medida los nuevos actores seguirán las normas establecidas o las impugnarán. Analizamos el desempeño de los Brics vis-à-vis las normativas incorporadas al concepto de responsabilidad de proteger (R2P). Metodología: el artículo consiste en una investigación cualitativa y comparada desde documentos oficiales y análisis cualitativos, y se enfoca en el período entre 2005 y 2017. Conclusiones: los hallazgos sugieren que, si bien los Brics no presentan una posición unificada en la discusión, contribuyen a destacar los debates sobre la R2P por medio de dos esfuerzos separados hechos especialmente por Brasil y China. Originalidad: argumentamos que el concepto brasileño de responsabilidad al proteger y el chino de protección responsable se pueden clasificar como críticos normativos activos de la R2P, mientras que los demás miembros son críticos activos o críticos activos y usuarios de la R2P.

https://doi.org/10.7440/colombiaint105.2021.01
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