Exageración extrema y gran potencial: Límites y promesa de la tecnología en la educación jurídica
PDF (English)

Palabras clave

Neurociencia del aprendizaje
educación jurídica
riesgos de la tecnología

Cómo citar

Crawford, C. (2023). Exageración extrema y gran potencial: Límites y promesa de la tecnología en la educación jurídica. Latin American Law Review, 1(10), 37–62. https://doi.org/10.29263/lar10.2023.02


Este artículo tiene como objetivo evaluar los beneficios de la tecnología para la educación jurí- dica. La propuesta consta de dos partes principales. Primero, sostiene que una apreciación de la neurociencia del aprendizaje puede enfocar y fundamentar a los profesores de derecho sobre los beneficios y roles adecuados de la tecnología en la educación. Segundo, sugiere que, una vez he- cho esto, puede aplicarse la tecnología para democratizar el acceso a la educación jurídica. El ca- pítulo concluye, sin embargo, señalando aspectos de riesgo e inquietudes respecto a este proyecto.

PDF (English)


Alaka, Aida M. 2001. “Learning Styles: What Difference Do the Differences Make?” Charleston

Law Review.

Allard, Nicholas W. 2021. “Sweet Are the Uses of Adversity,” University of Toledo Law Review.

Allard, Nicholas W. 2013. “The Globalization of Privacy and Security in Cyberspace: Government,

Law, and Society in The Twenty-First Century Online World.” Eagan, MN: Aspatore.

Ambady, Nalini. 2011. “The Mind in the World: Culture and the Brain,”. Association for

Psychological Science.

American Bar Association Section of Legal Education and Admissions to The Bar 1995. “Legal

Education and Professional Development – An Educational Continuum: Report of The

Task Force on Law Schools and the Profession: Narrowing the Gap,” Chicago: American Bar


Bahadur, Rory, and Zhang, Liyun. 2021, “Socratic Teaching and Learning Styles: Exposing

the Pervasiveness of Implicit Bias and White Privilege in Legal Pedagogy.” Hastings Race &

Poverty Law Journal.

Barry, Margaret Martin, Dubin, Jon C., and Joy, Peter A. 2000. “Clinical Education for This

Millennium: The Third Wave,” Clinical Law Review.

Bonilla Maldonado, Daniel. 2023. “Legal Education and Technological Innovation: A Critical

Essay,” Latin American Law Review.

Bonilla Maldonado, Daniel. 2020. “The Mandarins of the Law: Pro Bono Legal Work from a

Comparative Perspective,” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies.

Bonilla Maldonado, Daniel. 2019. “El trabajo jurídico pro-bono en Brasil: Trasplantes jurídicos,

acceso a la justicia y las obligaciones sociales de los abogados,” Rio de Janeiro: Revista

Direito Práxis.

Bonilla Maldonado, Daniel, Diaz, Julián, and Serrano, Natalia. 2019. “El trabajo jurídico probono

en Brasil: Discurso, prácticas y límites 2005-2017,” Rio de Janeiro: Revista Direito Práxis.

Bonilla Maldonado, Daniel. 2013. “Legal Clinics in the Global North and South: Between

Equality and Subordination--An Essay,” Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal.

Boyle, Robin A. 2005. “Applying Learning Styles Theory in the Workplace: How to Maximize

Learning Styles Strengths to Improve Work Performance in Law Practice,” St. John’s Law


Boyle, Robin, and Dunn, Rita. 1998. “Teaching Law Students Through Different Learning

Styles,” Albany Law Review.

Boyle, Robin, and Honigsfeld, Andrea. 2005. “In Response to the Remarks by Lawrence H.

Summers, Presenting Empirical Data on The Differences in Learning Styles Between Males

and Females,” Cardozo Women’s Law Journal.

Brown, Peter C., Roediger, Henry L. III, and McDaniel, Mark A. 2014. Make It Stick: The Science

of Successful Learning, 139-146. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Burge, Mark Edwin. 2019. “Access to Law or Access to Lawyers? Master’s Programs in the

Public Educational Mission of Law Schools,” University of Miami Law Review.

Collins, Stella. 2019. Neuroscience for Learning and Development, 2d edition. London:

Kogan Page.

Cooper, James M. 2008. “Competing Legal Cultures and Legal Reform: The Battle of Chile,”

Michigan Journal of International Law.

Critchlow, George A. 1994. “Teaching in Transylvania: Notes on Romanian Legal Education,”

Journal of Legal Education.

DeGroff, Eric A. 2012. “Training Tomorrow’s Lawyers: What Empirical Research Can Tell Us

About the Effect of Law School Pedagogy on Law Student Learning Styles,” Southern Illinois

University Law Review.

DeGroff, Eric A., and McKee, Kathleen. 2006. “Learning Like Lawyers: Addressing the Differences

in Law Student Learning Styles,”. Brigham Young University Education & Law Journal.

Dewey, John. 2011. Democracy and Education. OverlandPark, KS: Digireads.

Dunlosky, J., and Metcalfe, J. 2009. Metacognition. Los Angeles : Sage Publications.

Ganimiam, Alejandro J., Vegas, Emiliana, and Hess, Frederick M. 2020. “Realizing the Promise:

How Can Education Technology Improve Learning for All?” Center for Universal Learning

at Brookings.

Guerrero, Omar. “Crítica y Autocrítica de la Abogacía,” Ciudad de México: Archivo Virtual

de la Biblioteca de Derecho del Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas de la UNAM.

Han, Shihio. 2015. “Understanding cultural differences in human behavior: a cultural neuroscience

approach,” Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences.

Hernández Crespo, Mariana. “A Systemic Perspective of ADR in Latin America: Enhancing

the Shadow of the Law Through Citizen Participation,” Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution.

Hooker, Carol. 2020. “The Great Assessment Debate: Synchronous vs. Asynchronous,” Classroom

Tips, Equity & Access, Remote Learning, Bulb Digital Portfolios, November 18th, 2020.

Edwards, Harry T. 1997. A New Vision for the Legal Profession. New York University Law


First, Patricia A., and Hart, Yolanda Y. 2002. “Access to Cyberspace: The New Issue in Educational

Justice,” Journal of Law and Education.

Fuentes-Hernández, Alfredo. 2002. “Globalization and Legal Education in Latin America:

Issues for Law and Development in the 21st Century,” Penn State International Law Review.

Glen, Kristin Booth. 2003. “Thinking Out of the Bar Exam Box: A Proposal to “Maccrate”

Entry to the Profession,” Pace Law Review.

Greenbaum, Lesley. 2015/2016. “Legal Education in South Africa: Harmonizing the Aspirations

of Transformative Constitutionalism with Our Educational Legacy,” New York Law

School Law Review.

Ibáñez, Fernanda. 2021. “Study Reveals the Advantages of Taking Notes by Hand,” Institute

for the Future of Education.

Ingham, Joanne, and Boyle, Robin. 2006. “Generation X in Law School: How These Law

Students Are Different from Those Who Teach Them,” Journal of Legal Education.

Ingram, George. 2021. “Bridging the Digital Global Divide: A Platform to Advance Digital

Development in Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” Washington, D.C.: Center for Sustainable

Development at Brookings.

International Bar Association Commission on the Future of Legal Services. 2020. Blueprint

for Global Legal Education.

Janus, Eric S., 2020. “The “Worst Idea Ever!” --Lessons from One Law School’s Pioneering

Embrace of Online Learning Methods,” Syracuse Law Review.

Jewell, Lucille A. 2011. “You’re Doing it Wrong: How the Anti-Law School Scam Blogging

Movement Can Shape the Legal Profession,” Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology.

Kohn, Nina D. 2020. “Online Learning and the Future of Legal Education: Symposium Introduction,”

Syracuse Law Review.

Jogalekar, Ashutosh. 2014. “Why Prejudice Alone Doesn’t Explain the Gender Gap in Science,”

Scientific American.

Johnson, Steven M. 2013. “Teaching for Tomorrow: Utilizing Technology to Implement the

Reforms of Maccrate, Carnegie, And Best Practices,” Nebraska Law Review.

Larson, Joni. 2016. “Turning the Tables: Is It Time for Professors to Stop Fighting the Presence

of Students’ Technology in The Classroom and Instead Use It to Enhance Student Learning?”

Northern Kentucky Law Review.

LeSage, Lisa. 2004. “Learning, But Differently,” Oregon State Bar Bulletin.

Mahmud, Tayyab, Mutua, Athena, and Valdes, Francisco. 2015. “Latcrit Praxis @ XX: Toward

Equal Justice in Law, Education and Society,” Chicago-Kent Law Review.

McKeown, Margaret M. 2018. “The ABA Rule of Law Initiative: Celebrating 25 Years of

Global Initiatives,” Michigan Journal of International Law.

Mueller, Pam A., and Oppenheimer, Daniel M. 2014. “The Pen is Mightier Than the Keyboard:

The Advantages of Longhand Over Laptop Note Taking,” Psychological Science.

Pashler, H., McDaniel, M.A., Rohrer, D., and Bjork, R.A. 2009. “Learning styles: a critical

review of concepts and evidence,” Psychological Science in the Public Interest.

Piketty, Thomas. 2015. The Economics of Inequality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Quigley, William P. 2006. “Revolutionary Lawyering: Addressing the Root Causes of Poverty

and Wealth,” Washington University Journal of Law and Policy.

Rosenbaum, Stephen A., Hubbard, Britane, Sharp-Bauer, Kaylee, and Tushaus, David. 2021.

“The Myanmar Shwe: Empowering Law Students, Teachers, and the Community Through

Clinical Education and the Rule of Law,” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies.

Rosen, Jeffrey. 2001. “I-Commerce, Tocqueville, the Internet, and the Legalized Self,” Fordham

Law Review.

Rosenn, Kenneth M. 2006. “Lessons on Lawyers, Democracy and Professional Opportunity,”.

Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics.

Rule, Nicholas O., Freeman, Jonathan B., and Ambady, Nalini. 2012. “Culture in social neuroscience:

A review,” Social Neuroscience.

Rush, Douglas K., and Schmitz, Suzanne J. 2009. “Universal Instructional Design: Engaging

the Whole Class,” Widener Law Journal.

Shavers, Anna Williams. 2001. “The Impact of Technology on Legal Education,” Journal of

Legal Education.

Schulze, Louis N., Jr. 2018. “Using Science to Build Better Learners: One School’s Successful

Efforts to Raise its Bar Passage Rates in an Era of Decline.” Journal of Legal Education.

Soled, Amy. H, and Hoffman, Barbara. 2020. “Building Bridges: How Law Schools Can Better

Prepare Students from Historically Underserved Communities to Excel in Law School,”

Journal of Legal Education.

Sen, Amartya. 2009. The Idea of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Sweany, Noelle Wall. 2020. “From Theory to Practice: Evidence-Based Strategies for Designing

and Developing Engaging Online Courses,” Syracuse Law Review.

Teague, Leah Witcher Jackson. 2018. “Training Lawyers for Leadership: Vitally Important for

the Future Success (and Maybe Survival) of the Legal Profession and Our Democracy,” Santa

Clara Law Review.

Thomson, David I.C. 2020. “How Online Legal Education Can Address Three Persistent Problems

in Legal Education,” Syracuse Law Review.

Thomson, David I.C. 2009. Law School 2.0: Legal Education for a Digital Age. Newark, NJ:


Treuthart, Mary Pat. 2019. “Connectivity: The Global Gender Digital Divide and its Implications

for Women’s Human Rights and Equality,” Gonzaga Journal of International Law.

Van Detta, Jeffrey A. 2013. “A Bridge to the Practicing Bar of Foreign Nations: Online American

Legal Studies Programs as Forums for the Rule of Law and as Pipelines to Bar-Qualifying

LLM. Programs in the U.S.,” South Carolina Journal of International Business.

Vonderwell, Selma, Liang, Xin, and Alderman, Kay. 2007. “Asynchronous Discussions and

Assessment in Online Learning,” Journal of Research in Technology in Education.

Wegerif, Rupert. 2017. “Introduction. Education, Technology and Democracy: Can Internet-

Mediated Education Prepare the Ground for a Future Global Democracy?” Civitas Educationis.

Education, Politics, and Culture.

Young, Kathryne M. 2021. “What the Access to Justice Crisis Means for Legal Education,”.

University of California at Irvine Law Review.

Yu, Peter K. 2020. “The Algorithmic Divide and Equality in the Age of Artificial Intelligence,”

Florida Law Review.