“El camino de la dictadura”: erosión de la democracia y capitalismo a finales del siglo XIX en México y Colombia
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Palabras clave

Capitalismo
Colombia
cultura política
democracia
México
republicanismo
siglo XIX

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Sanders, J. E. (2020). “El camino de la dictadura”: erosión de la democracia y capitalismo a finales del siglo XIX en México y Colombia. Revista De Estudios Sociales, 1(74), 23–40. https://doi.org/10.7440/res74.2020.03

Resumen

La primera erosión de la democracia en Latinoamérica no ocurrió en el siglo XX; ocurrió en el siglo XIX. Argumentaré que, para la década de 1850, había surgido una cultura política vibrante y democrática en México y Colombia. Sin embargo, en la década de 1870, un movimiento político que unía a liberales y conservadores empezó a sospechar que las políticas democráticas que antes consideraban modernas estaban, en realidad, entorpeciendo el progreso de la sociedad. La democracia no estaba promoviendo, sino, por el contrario, obstaculizando el progreso económico. Este ensayo explorará la relación histórica entre capitalismo (a medida que Latinoamérica entraba en un periodo de crecimiento capitalista orientado a la exportación) y democracia (en un siglo XIX en el que la mayoría de las repúblicas del mundo estaban en Latinoamérica).

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