Variables personales y contextuales que predicen las aspiraciones universitarias estudiantes latinos de secundaria
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Palabras clave

aspiraciones universitarias
estudiantes latinos
estudiantes de secundaria
expectativas de resultado
barreras y apoyos


Cómo citar

Manzano Sanchez, H., Outley, C., Matarrita-Cascante, D., & Gonzalez, J. (2023). Variables personales y contextuales que predicen las aspiraciones universitarias estudiantes latinos de secundaria. Voces Y Silencios. Revista Latinoamericana De Educación, 13(2), 88–114.


Este estudio utilizó el análisis de ruta para examinar las variables personales y contextuales que dificultan o fomentan las aspiraciones universitarias en los estudiantes latinos y latinas de secundaria en el marco de la teoría profesional cognitiva social (Lent et al., 1994). Un total de 247 estudiantes de secundaria de una escuela secundaria urbana ubicada en el sur de California, USA completaron una encuesta que midió la autoeficacia, las expectativas de resultados, los apoyos y las barreras sobre las aspiraciones universitarias. Los hallazgos indicaron que los factores contextuales (apoyos y barreras) predijeron mejor las aspiraciones universitarias que los factores personales (autoeficacia y expectativas de resultados). Se encontró que las barreras eran los predictores negativos más importantes, mientras que el desempeño académico resultó ser un predictor positivo de las aspiraciones universitarias. Además, los apoyos fueron el mayor predictor de los factores personales. Los hallazgos también sugirieron que las variables personales y contextuales fueron moderadas por el género del estudiante y los tipos de generación de inmigrantes. Las condiciones contextuales afectaron las aspiraciones universitarias de los hombres latinos y los inmigrantes de primera generación más que las aspiraciones universitarias de las mujeres latinas y las generaciones mayores. Se discuten las implicaciones para la práctica y la investigación futura.
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